Herbs have always played an important role in the culinary tradition and even in the field of health. They aromatize, give flavor and can have significant benefits on health. There are many varieties, such as those with leaves of plants and others that are spices made from seeds. In any case, they are full of healthy compounds such as antioxidants that fight the damage caused by free radicals and can be substituted for less healthy ingredients such as salt, which is not negligible. Let's discover them in more detail ...
Aromatic herbs were born in many civilizations, the emperors of China, the pharaohs of Egypt, the Roman emperors all made them the flagship ingredient of their culinary culture. Nowadays, oregano, coriander, chamomile or rosemary, are the essential herbs of our kitchens and can be used dried or fresh, according to the need. Moreover, according to a study, it is recommended to use herbs most often to enjoy their benefits and their impact to treat various ailments.
Here are the 6 herbs that you can grow at home and that you can keep as long as possible.
This plant, which is particularly refreshing because of its pleasant scent, must be cultivated in full sun, avoiding that the soil is too wet. Also, it can be harvested when the buds appear but before the flowers open. To do this, simply cut lavender stems near the base and hang them upside down in a dry place, in the shade and not exposed to the sun. After 2 to 4 weeks, you can use lavender by shaking the plants to harvest the leaves.
Whether fresh or dried, lavender is a good way to garnish a variety of cooked dishes or salads and why not bread! Dried, lavender can be placed in a bag of breathable fabric that we put under the pillow for a soothing sleep. According to this study, lavender as an olfactory stimulator, serves as a mild sedative to promote a good sleep. In addition, this herb can be mixed with water and oils and used as a spray to cool the house.
Coriander needs sun but unlike lavender, it requires moist soil. In addition, it is advisable not to harvest once dried because it loses its flavor. Cut the new shoot as it grows for immediate use. It will be added to sauces for flavoring vegetables or with olive oil to season meats and salads.
Oregano can be planted in full sun provided the soil is well drained. It is harvested just as the buds form to take advantage of its particular flavored taste. Simply cut the emerging leaves with sharp scissors and hang upside down away from the sun and wait for them to dry.
Oregano is known for its health benefits as this study specifies, particularly its high content of flavonoids and phenolic acids that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. And its use is very simple, just add it to sauces to cover salads or Mediterranean dishes.
Rosemary is mainly resistant and requires a sandy and sunny soil. He needs space to support his roots. It requires parsimonious watering without the soil being too wet. To harvest it, it is advisable to cut 2 or 3 stems at the same time to ensure good regrowth. To dry it, it is necessary to wait for the appearance of the flowers and thus to apply the same method as used for the lavender and the oregano. Rosemary has considerable therapeutic potential as indicated in this study, particularly for neuronal protection. Also, in infusion in olive oil for example, this herb will coat vegetables or meats. It can also be used as an infusion in tea.
Embellished with pretty white and yellow leaves, chamomile grows in a dry, half-sunny environment and requires only periodic watering, especially in case of drought. It will only be harvested when its flowers occur. Simply remove the heads of the stems with scissors. To dry, you can keep them in a paper bag for more than two weeks. As this study indicates, chamomile may help boost the immune system, as well as improve the quality of sleep. To enjoy its benefits, prepare an infusion of chamomile with hot water and honey to enjoy a restful sleep.
This herb must be planted alone to prevent it from spreading and invading other plants. To harvest it, just cut the leaves you need and dry them if you want, in a place in the shade. Melissa has been associated with improved mood and cognitive performance. Also to enjoy it, you can add it to your infusions, or freeze it in your ice cubes to refresh your drinks.